Coordinated by


Front fanged Viper-type Snakes

Family: Viperidae

The following includes only those species which are likely to be able to cause medically significant envenoming.

Subfamily: Crotalinae (pit vipers)

Protobothrops jerdoni

Red spotted pit viper

Minimal clinical information is available, indicating that this snake may cause at least local swelling and bleeding, so possibly coagulopathy.

No specific antivenom is available.

Protobothrops kaulbacki

Kaulback’s pit viper

There is a lack of data on bites by this snakes, but based on related species it might be expected to cause local pain, swelling, possibly bruising/bleeding, and possibly systemic shock and coagulopathy.

No specific antivenom is available.

Protobothrops mucrosquamatus

Chinese habu

This snake can cause severe/lethal envenoming characterised by severe local pain, swelling, blistering, bleeding, compartment syndrome, fluid shifts and systemically shock, coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia, renal failure and convulsions.

Specific antivenom is available from Taiwan.